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Research FAQ and the Ski Industry

Neuromuscular Training is the MOST EFFECTIVE way to reduce employee injuries.

References:

  1. Viola RW, Steadman JR, Mair SD, Briggs KK, Sterett WI. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Incidence Among Male and Female Professional Alpine Skiers. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 1999;27(6):792-795. doi:10.1177/03635465990270061701
  2. Westin M, et al. Prevention of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in Adolescent Alpine Skiers. Frontiers in Active Sports and Living. 2020 Mar.
  3. Jordan MJ, Aagaard P, Herzog W. Anterior cruciate ligament injury/reinjury in alpine ski racing: a narrative review. Open Access J Sports Med. 2017;8:71-83. Published 2017 Mar 30. doi:10.2147/OAJSM.S106699
  4. Flørenes TW, Bere T, Nordsletten L, Heir S, Bahr R. Injuries among male and female World Cup alpine skiers. Br J Sports Med. 2009 Dec;43(13):973-8. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2009.068759. PMID: 19945979.
  5. Roos EM. Joint injury causes knee osteoarthritis in young adults. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2005 Mar;17(2):195-200. doi: 10.1097/01.bor.0000151406.64393.00. PMID: 15711235.
  6. Lopes TJA, Simic M, Myer GD, Ford KR, Hewett TE, Pappas E. The Effects of Injury Prevention Programs on the Biomechanics of Landing Tasks: A Systematic Review With Meta-analysis. Am J Sports Med. 2018 May;46(6):1492-1499. doi: 10.1177/0363546517716930. Epub 2017 Jul 31. PMID: 28759729; PMCID: PMC6604048.
  7. Hébert-Losier K, Holmberg HC. What are the exercise-based injury prevention recommendations for recreational alpine skiing and snowboarding? A systematic review. Sports Med. 2013 May;43(5):355-66. doi: 10.1007/s40279-013-0032-2. PMID: 23463392.
  8. Huang YL, Jung J, Mulligan CMS, Oh J, Norcross MF. A Majority of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries Can Be Prevented by Injury Prevention Programs: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials and Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trials With Meta-analysis. Am J Sports Med. 2020 May;48(6):1505-1515. doi: 10.1177/0363546519870175. Epub 2019 Aug 30. PMID: 31469584.
  9. Davey A, Endres NK, Johnson RJ, Shealy JE. Alpine Skiing Injuries. Sports Health. 2019 Jan/Feb;11(1):18-26. doi: 10.1177/1941738118813051. PMID: 30782106; PMCID: PMC6299353.
  10. Petushek EJ, Sugimoto D, Stoolmiller M, Smith G, Myer GD. Evidence-Based Best-Practice Guidelines for Preventing Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in Young Female Athletes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Am J Sports Med. 2019 Jun;47(7):1744-1753. doi: 10.1177/0363546518782460. Epub 2018 Jul 12. PMID: 30001501; PMCID: PMC6592422.
  11. Mayr H, Cheze L. The Knee Injuries in Skiing: Mechanisms and Assessment. 33rd International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports. 2015.
  12. Gau C, Abeysekera J. A Systems Perspective of Slip and Fall Accidents on Icy and Snowy Surfaces. Ergonomics. 2004 May.
  13. Michaëlsson K, Byberg L, Ahlbom A, Melhus H, Farahmand BY. Risk of severe knee and hip osteoarthritis in relation to level of physical exercise: a prospective cohort study of long-distance skiers in Sweden. PLoS One. 2011;6(3):e18339. Published 2011 Mar 30. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018339
  14. Webster KE, Hewett TE. Meta-analysis of meta-analyses of anterior cruciate ligament injury reduction training programs. J Orthop Res. 2018 Oct;36(10):2696-2708. doi: 10.1002/jor.24043. Epub 2018 Jun 13. PMID: 29737024.
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